Roses have been growing in China for more than 1,000 years. It was in the late 1700s and early 1800s that European botanists travelled to China discovering roses that bloom year-round. The Empress Joséphine de Beauharnais – the first wife of Napoléon Bonaparte financed many plant collecting trips to China. She is responsible for creating the first rose garden as we know it today, at Malmaison, France between 1799 – 1814. On her death it was home to more than 250 rose varieties. These Chinese roses were bred into many varieties which include Bourbons, Noisettes, and Polyanthus.